The basic concept :
Ying And Yang
The basic principles of the Four Pillars of Destiny are Ying Yang and the Five
Elements. Ying and Yang are the Chinese words meaning shade and light, thus
symbolizing the two opposite concepts, such as stillness and motion, female and
male, minus and plus, earth and heaven, winter and summer, and so on. The
origin of this thought is in the last stage of the Ying dynasty.
According to the Book of Changes, a Chinese classic, there was first the source
of the universe called the Great Ultimate. Then it was gradually divided into
Ying and Yang, and all living things were born by the interaction of these two
forces. The view of rise and fall in the Warring States period is fundamentally
the same as this Ying Yang principle. However, this thought is different from
the so-called dualism. That is, Ying contains Yang, and Yang contains Ying. And
these two are completely opposite but complementary cosmic forces.
The Five Elements
The Five Elements are Wood, Fire, Soil, Metal, and Water, and these are the
words originating in the planets of the solar system, namely, Jupiter, Mars,
Saturn, Venus, and Mercury. The origin of this theory is also in the last stage
of the Yin dynasty. At the beginning, the Five Elements were the thought that
all things were governed by the attribute of Wood, Fire, Soil, Metal, or Water.
And then the view of rise and fall was introduced into the Five Elements in the
Warring States period, and the vicissitudes of dynasties were explained using
these metaphysical agents. One of them is the relation which each element helps
a partner and gives power. Wood produces Fire by rubbing each other. After Fire
is burned out, it turns into ashes and changes to Soil. Soil produces Metal
over long years in the ground. Metal melts with heat and turns into fluid, or
gets cold and produces Water drop on the surface. And Water sends nourishment
to Wood and helps the growth. Another is the relation which each element
defeats a partner and takes power. Wood takes nourishment from Soil for the
growth. Soil can dam up the flow of Water by piling up. Water can extinguish
Fire blazing up. Fire can melt a hard Metal with the heat and flame. And Metal
fells Wood by using it as an edged tool. These interactions of five base
elements are indispensable for living things in order to maintain the balance.
And these are also applicable to the character or fortune of a person. Four
Pillars of Destiny is the Chinese fortune telling which reads the interaction
of these Five Elements based on the birthday.