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The Philosophy of Life


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Chapter -14
"The Yoga of Differentiation of the Three Modes"

In this chapter, discussion in centred around three modes of nature viz, satva, raja and tamo modes-their origin, farm, behavior and power. How they interact with the soul and bind it to the body, and how once beyond these modes, perfection is attained. Therefore, the chapter is called "The Yoga of Differentiation of the three modes".

Shri bhagvan S

1. I shall reiterate the supreme wisdom among all wisdom by knowing which sages have been able to reach perfection.

By relying upon this wisdom and having attained to my form, they are neither born at the time of creation, nor are they distressed at the time of dissolution.

The great brahma is my womb, I cast the seed of creation of all beings and they are born of it O, Bharata (Arjuna).

All the forms (bodies) produced in all the wombs, O Son of Kunti (Arjuna), great brahma (prakriti) is their mother and I am the father (Purusha) who casts the seed.

The three modes (gunas) purity (suttva) passion (rajas) and inertia (dullness) born of nature (prakriti) bind into the body, O Arjuna, the imperishable dweller in the body.

Of these qualities, satlva, that is purity, causes, illuminationa and purity. It binds, O Arjuna by attachments to happiness and to knowledge.

Rajas (passion) you should know, is of the quality of attraction resulting from desire and attachment. It binds quickly, O Son of Kunti (Arjuna), the soul by attachment to action.

But inertia (tamas) you should know, is resulted from ignorance and bequiles all embodied beings. O Bharata (Arjuna), it birds by engendering the qualities of negligence, laziness and sleep.

Purity attaches one to happiness, passion is caused of action, O Arjuna, but inertia by covering wisdom attaches to negligence.

Purity prevails, overcoming passion andinertia, O Arjuna. Passion prevails subdueing purity and inertia and thus inertia prevails overpowing purity and passion.

When the light of knowledge spreads through all the gates of the body, then it is known that the purity has increased.

Avarice activity, initiative restlessness and desires result from the increase and desires result it from the increase in the rajas qualities, O Best among the bharatas (Arjuna).

Darkness, slothfulness, negligence and delusion these are caused by the increase of inertia or indolence inducing tama O Joy of kurvs (Arjuna).

When the self is dissolved, when the goodness become predominant then it reaches to the world of purity of those who have known the highest (Brahmalok).

When passion becomes predominant at the time of dissolution (of the world) it is born in the world of those attached to activities and if it is dissolved when dullness or inertia is overpowering quality, it is born into the womb of the ignorant.

The results of the good action is said to be of the quality of goodness and purity, while the passion causes pain and ignorance is the fruit of inertia.

Knowledge is resulted from purity, passion gives rise to avarice, ignorance and delusion are caused by inertia as also erroneous action.

Who are set in goodness rise upwards the passionate remain in the middle regions the inert involved in.

When the sage perceived factor other than modes, and also knows what is beyond the modes (gunatit) he attains to my form.

When the self roars above these three qualities arising from the body, it goes beyond birth, death, decay and pain and reaches the state of permanent blissfulness when there is no birth or death.

Arjuna Said

O Lord by, whan sign can one be known who has gone beyond the three qualities (gunas)? How does he live? How does he manage to reach beyond the modes?

Shri bhagvan Said

O Arjuna, he does not abhor illumination, activity and delusion when they spring, nor crave for them when they cease to exist.

He, who sitting unconcernedly, without being disturbed by the modes or qualities (gunas), who stands aloof, without faltering, knowing that it is the modes that act and react.

he who treats pleasure and pain similarily, who is established in one self, who regards a dod, a stone and piece of gold as of equal value, whose mind is even amidst things pleasant or impleasant, firm of mind.

he who regards honour and dishonour as the same and is same to friends and foes who shuns all initiative to action is said to have risen beyond the modes or gunas of nature.

He who is devoted to me, steadily and serves me with love, transcends these three qalities and, he too is fit to reach Brahman.

Because Iam the dwelling place of Brahman, the Immortal, the Imperishable of everlasting law and of eternal bliss.

This  chapter is entitled "The Yoga of Differentiation of the Three Modes".

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