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The Philosophy of Life


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Chapter - 5
"The Yoga Of Renunciation Of Action"

This chapter focuses on the way of work and the way of renunciation also called sankhya.Therefore this chapter is entitled "The yoga of Renunciation of Action".

Arjuna Said

O Krishna, you praise the renunciation of works and then also their performance without being attached to them. Let me know definitely, which way is better between the two.

Bhagwan Sri Krishna Said

The renunciation of the works and their performance without attachment, both lead to the salvation. But of the two doing the work without attachment is better.

The ignorants differenciate between renunciation (sankhya) and performance of work with detachment (yoga), not for the wise. A person devoted to any way obtains the fruits of both.

O, Arjuna however, it is difficult it to attain renunciation without yoga. The wise who is steeped in the way of yoga reaches the ultimate goal quickly.

Who has toiled in the path of a action and has a prior soul, who has subdued the senses and has conquered the self, is not get attached to the work while performing it.

The one who has become one with the god and knows the truth believes "I do not act at all" because seeing, hearing, touching, smelling, tasting, walking, sleeping, breathing, speaking, leaving, taking, opening and shutting the eyes he understands that only the senses are acting upon the objects of senses.

Who works without attachment, resigning his works to God, is not touched by sin like a lotus leaf in water.The yogis do work only with, the body, mind and intelligence, foresaking attachment for the purification of their souls.

The devoted yogis, detached to the fruits of their actions, attains peace but one whose soul is not immersed into divine, is attached to the fruits and remain under bondage. The yogi, who has controlled his senses through renunication lives in this house of nine gates (body) at peace, neither working nor causing the work to be done by others.

The supreme being does not create for the people the action or the doer of the act. He also does not cause the action to be united with its fruits. The nature does all these things. The all pervading God does not accept sins of someone or his good deeds. Wisdom is under the cover of ignorance, this causes illusion among the living.

But the persons whose ignorance is destroyed by knowledge, for them, knowledge lights up the self like the sun.Contemplating on self and directing ones total consciousness towards self making self as the sole object of devotion, they reach the state from where there is no return possible, and their sins are perished through wisdom.

A learned and humble brahmin, a cow, an elephant, and even a dog or an outcaste are equal in the eyes of the sage.Those whose mind is set in equality, conquer this world while living here, God is free of sins and even to all. Therefore, these (persons) are settled in God.

One should not feel happy on getting something pleasant not should one be unhappy if something unpleasant occurs; One who is steady in such wisdom and unperturbed, such known person of the truth resides in God.

When the self is not attached with the wordly objects one reach the happiness which is in the self. Such a one, who is disciplined in yoga with God, finds unlimited bliss. Pleasures resulting from the contact of senses with the objects only cause misery and they are temporary, O Arjuna, no wiseman finds pleasure in these.

One who can withstand the wave of desire and anger is a yogi here in this world, he enjoys peace. The one who attains peace in self, joy in self and light in self, is a yogi, he attains to the divine bliss.

The pious, whose sins are destroyed, whose duality is cut through, whose minds are single-pointed abide in God, who work for the welfare of all, attain the grace of God. Those who observe stern discipline (yatis), cleansed of desire and anger, and who have controlled their minds and know the self reach the ultimate goal.

Unmindful of all external objects fixing the sight between the eyebrows, making even the inwards and outwards breaths moving through the nostrils.The sage, having controlled the senses, mind and intelligence, keen about liberation of his soul, who has done away with desire, fear and anger, is freed of all the bondages.

Knowing me as the enjoyer of the sacrifices and the Lord of all the worlds, The Friend of all the beings, the sage attains the peace.

This is the fifth chapter entitled "The Yoga of Renunciation in Action."

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